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narwhalandlandshark

Chapter 16: Primate Evolution Vocabulary

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Anthropoid
a group of large-brained, diurnal monkeys and hominoids
Arboreal
tree-dwelling
Australopithecine
genus that lived in the east-central and southern part of Africa between 4.2 and 1 mya
Binocular Vision
overlapping fields of vision
Bipedal
walking upright on two legs
Cro-Magnon
a species also referred to as "Homo" sapiens; seem to have replaced Neanderthals
Diurnal
active during the day
Hominin
humanlike primates that appear to be more closely related to present-day humans
Hominoid
a group that includes all nonmonkey anthropoids- the living and extinct gibbons, orangutans, chimps, gorillas and humans
Homo
genus that includes living things and extinct humans
Neanderthal
a species also referred to as "Homo" neanderthalensis that evaluated exclusively in Europe and Asia about 200,000 years ago
Nocturnal
active at night
Opposable First Digit
a digit, either a thumb or a toe that is set apart from the other digits and can be brought across the palm or foot
Prehensile Tail
functions like a 5th limb; provides ability to grasp tree limbs or other objects
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Chapter 16 Primate Evolution

 
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PVHS_Biology

Chapter 16 – Primate Evolution

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anthropoid
humanlike primate that includes New World monkeys, Old World monkeys, and hominoids
opposable thumb
primate characteristic that enables animals to grasp and cling to objects
prehensile tail
long, muscular tail used as a fifth limb for grasping and wrapping around objects
primate
group of mammals including humans, monkeys, and apes that share characteristics such as opposable thumbs, binocular vision, and flexible shoulders
australopithecine
early African hominid, genus Australopithecus, that had both apelike and humanlike charachteristics
bipedal
ability to walk on two legs; leaves arms free for other activities such as hunting, protecting young, and using tools
Cro-Magnon
modern form of Homo sapiens that spread throughout Europe between 35,000 to 40,000 years ago; were identical to modern humans in height, skull and tooth structure, and brain size
hominid
a group of bipedal primates that includes modern humans and their direct ancestors
hominoid
a group of primates that can walk upright on two legs; includes gorillas, chimpanzees, bonobos, and humans
Neanderthals
archaic Homo sapiens that lived from 35,000 to 100,000 years ago in Europe, Asia, and the Middle East; had thick bones and large faces with prominent noses and brains at least as large as those of modern humans
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